Diesel engines power almost all port activities, from the shipping vessels to cargo-handling equipment to the trains and trucks that move goods in and out of marine terminals. Ports therefore become concentrated sources of diesel emissions. With growth in cruise ship calls, container freight volumes, and land-side businesses such as fish processing, the need to work with port authorities and terminal operators to reduce diesel emissions has never been stronger.
Reducing Diesel Emissions from Port Operations
Regional collaborations between industry and government agencies to reduce emissions from marine vessels and port operations include:
- The Port Authority of New York/New Jersey and its partners developed a Clean Air Strategy for the Port of NY and NJ which lays out actions that the Port and industry stakeholders can take to reduce diesel and greenhouse (GHG) emissions in advance of regulations. PANYNJ is also conducting a dray truck replacement project.
- At the New York Container Terminal, installing regenerating diesel particulate filters on cargo handling equipment and piloting idle reduction technology on locomotives.
- At Boston’s MassPort Conley Container Terminal, retrofitting yard and cargo-handling equipment, using ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD), systematically acquiring new equipment with maximum-efficiency engines, providing shore power for fishing vessels, and replacing dray trucks.
- NEDC Marine Repower Guide
New NEDC Marine Repower Guide released.
The Northeast Diesel Collaborative is providing this Marine Repower Guide (beta version) to assist marine vessel operators and potential grantees in making the decision to repower commercial marine Category 1 or 2 vessels. The document outlines information needed about the vessel's operations, federal requirements, and how to calculate emission reductions and cost-effectiveness. The document also provides case studies and resources to help guide you through your decision to repower.
NEDC Ports Workgroup
The NEDC Ports Workgroup develops innovative, cost-effective solutions for ports in the Northeast. Workgroup participants include representatives from state air agencies in the Northeast, port authorities, and industry. The group meets regularly by conference call, learns from local and national experts, and visits ports to learn more about their operations, equipment and emissions.
To get involved with the Ports Workgroup, please contact Abby Swaine [firstname.lastname@example.org].
Emission Control Area
On March 26, 2010, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) amended the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) designating specific portions of U.S., Canadian and French waters as an Emission Control Area (ECA). The proposal for ECA designation was introduced by the U.S. and Canada, reflecting common interests, shared geography and interrelated economies. In July 2009, France joined as a co-proposer on behalf of its island territories of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, which form an archipelago off the coast of Newfoundland. Allowing for the lead time associated with the IMO process, the North American ECA will become enforceable in August 2012. For more info please click here.
On July 15, 2011, the IMO officially designated waters around Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands as an area in which stringent international emission standards will apply to ships. For this area, the effective date of the first-phase fuel sulfur standard is 2014, and the second phase begins in 2015. Stringent NOx engine standards begin in 2016. For more information on the U.S. Caribbean ECA, please click here.
EPA Ocean-Going Vessel Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
EPA Finalizes More Stringent Standards for Control of Emissions from New Marine Compression-Ignition Engines at or Above 30 Liters per Cylinder: The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is adopting more stringent exhaust emission standards for large marine diesel engines as part of a coordinated strategy to address emissions from all ships that affect U.S. air quality. EPA's coordinated strategy includes Clean Air Act standards, as well as implementation of the international standards for marine engines and their fuels contained in Annex VI to the International Convention on the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (a treaty called MARPOL). The strategy also includes designation of U.S. coasts as an Emission Control Area (ECA) through an amendment to MARPOL Annex VI. By 2030, this coordinated strategy is expected to reduce annual emissions of NOx in the United States by about 1.2 million tons and PM emissions by about 143,000 tons. For more information on the final rule, click here.
- NY/NJ SmartWay Drayage Partnership Campaign webinar presentations (November 30, 2011)
- Northeast Drayage Truck Workshop
- PortCompliance.org: Environmental Compliance for Port Tenants and Authorities
- National Strategy for the Marine Transportation System: A Framework for Action
- Green Marine
- Scoping Study to Evaluate the Emissions of Harbor Craft Operating in Boston Harbor and Potential Control Options" (NESCAUM, April 2006)
- Massachusetts Maritime Academy (MMA) Wind Turbine Project (Aug 26, 2008)